Pill

How it works:

There are many birth control pill options that use different hormones or combinations of hormones to prevent pregnancy. These hormones work by stopping ovulation, which means there is no egg for sperm to fertilize. They also make it more difficult for sperm to swim and meet an egg. When taken at the same time every single day, the pill is greater than 99% effective at preventing pregnancy. However, in real life about 9 in 100 women will get pregnant using the pill if they forget to take it at the same time every day. This reduces its effectiveness to 91%.

Perks:

  • Can reduce acne

  • Can make periods regular

  • Eases cramps

  • Can stop using it on your own

Drawbacks:

  • Must remember to take every day

  • Doesn’t protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs)